Bundala is one of Sri Lanka’s youngest national parks. It is made up of a 3700-hectare belt of coastline and 3 large brackish water lagoons that make this national park unique amongst the rest of Sri Lanka’s protected areas. Bundala received international recognition in 1990 when it was declared a RAMSAR wetland of international importance.
Situated within the driest climatic zone of the island, the coastline and lagoons of Bundala provide a safe haven for many resident and migrant waterfowl. Around 200 species of birds have been recorded here, and during the winter migration season, birds can be seen in large flocks numbering in the thousands.
A Bundala Safari is not only about birds though. The scrub vegetation harbours many mammals as well, including Elephants, whose population is not that big within the park. Still, a lone tusker walking along the beaches of Bundala as the evening sunsets is a sight to behold. Jackals, Rusty Spotted Cats, troupes of Macaques and Grey Langurs, Black-naped Hares, Wild Boars and Pangolins are but a few of the mammals that can be seen here.
It is also one of the few places where both Crocodile species found in Sri Lanka, the Estuarine and the Mugger, can be seen together. Pythons are also somewhat easy to come across within Bundala and the beaches of the park are a breeding ground for all 5 species of Sri Lanka’s Sea Turtles.